“Such devoted sisters…”

Mansfield

A sister played a more important role than a romantic hero in Jane Austen’s own life; Cassandra was her lifelong confidante, and literary consultant, and after Jane’s death took charge of her reputation and legacy even to the extent of burning many of her sister’s letters. Perhaps because of this special relationship, sisters are of supreme importance in the lives of Jane Austen’s fictional heroines.

All six of her completed novels deal with what Sir Thomas Bertram of Mansfield Park considered a young girl’s ‘most interesting time of life’ –  the short period when she has the possibility, or in many cases the necessity, of finding a husband – interesting hopes and dreams which may or may not be shared with a bosom companion. When Cassandra’s intended husband died tragically, she gave up any further romantic expectation and turned to the younger Jane for this kind of enduring companionship.

In Jane Austen’s Mansfield Park the prolonged absence of their father Sir Thomas allows the Bertram sisters to fulfil all the fears he had entertained about their possible misconduct, as they fall into rivalry, flirtation and finally disgrace.  In Joan Aiken’s sequel, it is the more loving Price sisters, Fanny and Susan, daughters of a less fortunate sister of Lady Bertram who are the heroines,  and Susan, the younger, is left more or less in charge of matters at Mansfield Park when the older Fanny, now married to Edmund has gone abroad with him to look after the family’s affairs.  Bereft, and left at the mercy of mean spirited Julia Bertram, here playing the role of her wicked ‘step-sister’,  Susan is adopted as companion by the mysterious Mary Crawford, the dangerous heartbreaker of the original Austen novel, whose intervention and encouragement allow romance to blossom for Susan in this imagined sequel.

Joan Aiken’s passion for, and knowledge of the life and works of Jane Austen was shared by her own sister, Jane Aiken Hodge,  a historical novelist, who also wrote a biography of Jane Austen. The two Aiken sisters shared the early drafts of their novels with each other throughout their writing lives, and benefited from coming from a family of readers and writers who enjoyed communicating their literary passions, just as the Austen family  had done.

Joan went on to write six novels in this series which she described as ‘Austen Entertainments’, and for those who know their Austen they are extremely entertaining – readers will enjoy not just the coming of age, and ‘interesting time of life’ and romances of the younger sisters first introduced in the original novels, but a wealth of tongue in cheek references to characters in those earlier works, and to incidents from Jane Austen’s own life which demonstrate Joan Aiken’s love for, and delight in the world and writing of her heroine Jane Austen.

Perhaps one of the most poignant references in Joan Aiken’s Mansfield Revisited is the description of the “arrangement of three chairs” on which the returned, and now ailing Mary Crawford is found resting in her garden. In a letter, a niece of Jane Austen’s described how when  Mrs Austen (a possible model for the constantly suffering Lady Bertram?) is in possession of the sofa, while the seriously unwell but self denying daughter Jane is “laid upon 3 chairs which she arranged for herself.”  With this parallel in mind it is interesting to speculate about other similarities Joan Aiken draws between Jane Austen and her heroine Mary Crawford, perhaps using her as an imagined alter-ego who she endows with all sorts of cheerfully witty and ‘wicked’ qualities that she may have shared herself, but which after her death, Jane’s more concerned sister Cassandra sought to suppress and conceal, in order to give a more traditional portrait of her author sister.

Jane Austen may well have had adventures of her own, at her own ‘interesting time of life’, but deprived of many letters about her own life, the closest we can come to an understanding of how important these other, unfulfilled romantic relationships may have been to Jane, is through the intimate conversations of the sisters in her novels.

Joan Aiken’s Mansfield Revisited, a sequel to Austen’s Mansfield Park was published in a delightful little hardback volume and as an EBook

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These Four Aiken Austen titles are now available on Kindle

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Joan Aiken also completed Jane Austen’s The Watsons and a Mansfield Park sequel about another of the Bertram sisters – The Youngest Miss Ward

Find EBooks or paperbacks here

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Cheering reads for Wintry ( or sultry!) days: Jane Austen & Joan Aiken

Unseasonable weather causes a carriage accident at the opening of one of Joan Aiken’s ‘Austen Entertainments’: Lady Catherine’s Necklace

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   So begins Joan Aiken’s sequel to Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice which recently celebrated 200 years as one of the most popular novels of all time.  A dangerous exercise to emulate a favourite author, you might think, but instead of trying to follow the romantic hero and heroine, Aiken’s story gleefully takes up the highly unpopular Lady Catherine de Bourgh, and her unfortunate daughter Anne to see what might become of them after Darcy has married Elizabeth and escaped to Pemberley.

Giving Lady Catherine her comeuppance is a brilliant idea, and in fact the more we see of her, the more extraordinary she becomes…  And Anne? Was she disappointed to lose Mr Darcy? You would think so, but Aiken sees her as a girl of character and has a whole other future in mind for her, as we see when we meet  the new arrivals, forced by their carriage accident to put up at Rosings…

This interesting pair of siblings – Ralph and Priscilla Delaval – easily equal Mansfield Park’s Mary and Henry Crawford in their ability to charm and cause chaos in the lives and hearts of everyone they meet; and was their arrival indeed an accident?

As Jane Austen wrote for the  comfort of another heroine, Emma Watson, left in painful  and difficult circumstances at the unhappy conclusion of the unfinished chapters of Austen’s The Watsons,  reading is sometimes the only comfort, and produces one of Austen’s most heartfelt comments on the life of the single, dependent female.

For this heroine ‘the evils’ of her situation “were neither trifling nor likely to lessen; and when thought had been freely indulged in contrasting the past and the present, the employment of mind and dissipation of unpleasant ideas which only reading could produce made her thankfully turn to a book.”

From Jane Austen’s The Watsons

 

 New hardback and EBook Joan Aiken editions

from Jonathan Cape at Random House

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More to follow in the series, including Mansfield Revisited

Read more about Joan Aiken’s ‘Austen Entertainments’

in the New York Times Book Review

article by Lizzie Skurnick

 celebrating Jane Austen’s 200th anniversary

and on the Joan Aiken website

P.S.

Of course Joan Aiken couldn’t resist rescuing poor Emma Watson from her difficulties and giving her more  adventures than she would ever have found in that book –

in her own sequel

The Watsons and Emma Watson

You can read the two authors side by side in this edition

Watsons